Grammar Lesson: i.e. & e.g

by Andrew Forrest

“Be thankful you don’t have to read resum‘s everyday: it’s depressing.” So said an HR professional to me today. What she meant was that very few of the resum‘s she reads come without grammatical and spelling errors. Our lack of grammatical precision bothers me because I don’t believe grammar is just a series of arbitrary rules; I believe grammar affects thought. So here, in the first of what may very well be a long-running (and doubtless highly popular) segment in Fox and Hedgehog land, is a brief lesson on?grammar and the proper use of i.e. & e.g.


Why Grammar Matters

One of my literary heroes is the stubborn English socialist writer George Orwell. I admire Orwell because of his insistence that language matters, because, as he argues in his essay “Politics and the English Language,” language either obscures or provides clarity. Insisting on precision?in language and grammar is not just pedantry, and Orwell writes that he objects to‘the idea that “any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs to aeroplanes.” Rather, language shapes our thoughts so that

an effect can become a cause, reinforcing the original cause and producing the same effect in an intensified form, and so on indefinitely. A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fail all the more completely because he drinks. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts. The point is that the process is reversible. Modern English, especially written English, is full of bad habits which spread by imitation and which can be avoided if one is willing to take the necessary trouble. If one gets rid of these habits one can think more clearly…. [my emphasis]

from “Politics and the English Language,” by George Orwell

Grammar matters because grammar is about clarity. It is important to say exactly what you want to say, and not to say what you don’t want to say. Grammar helps us‘say what we want to say.

I.e., it matters that we get right the difference between i.e. and e.g.

The Slave Who Invented Abbreviation

Several of the grammatical abbreviations we use today were invented over 2,000 years ago by a brilliant Roman slave named Marcus Tullius Tiro. Tiro was born a slave in the household of the Roman statesman Marcus Tullis Cicero, and was Cicero’s close confidante and personal secretary until Cicero’s assassination in 43 B.C. Cicero was a great orator, and Tiro would take notes of Cicero’s speeches in the Roman Forum so they could be published around the Roman Republic. (In recognition of Tiro’s devotion and service, Cicero gave him his freedom in 53 B.C.) To make note-taking easier, Tiro invented a shorthand method that was still used by European monks until the 18th century, and part of that method included the abbreviations that we still use today, e.g., i.e. and e.g., as well as an early version of the ampersand, &.


i.e. is Latin for?id?est,?“that is.” When you see i.e. in a sentence, say “that is.”


e.g. is Latin for?exempli gratia, “for the sake of an example.” When you see e.g. in a sentence, say “for example.”

i.e. vs. e.g

These 2 Latin abbreviations do not mean the same thing. E.g.:

There are lots of ridiculous shows on television, e.g., The Bachelor.

means something different than

Last night I saw a commercial for the most ridiculous show on television, i.e., The Bachelor.

In the first example, The Bachelor is just?one of the many ridiculous shows on television, whereas in the second example, I want to say that The Bachelor is?the most ridiculous show on television.

See the difference?



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Deborah Causwell June 29, 2016 - 8:28 am

What drives me crazy is when I see the improper use of the words “your” and “you’re.”
Also, the words “there” and “their.”

Kathleen June 29, 2016 - 10:03 am

You and my Mom! I am going to be so nervous to ever send you an email again. Please don’t write a blog on spelling next! Sitting at breakfast with my mom this morning and she corrected my grammar. Then I pull up this blog, told my mom the subject matter, and her grin was priceless!!

Andrew Forrest June 29, 2016 - 10:19 am

Your mom is my new hero.

Doug June 29, 2016 - 12:20 pm

I’ve always had the memory device that e.g. means “eggsample.”

marvelle ditto June 29, 2016 - 12:25 pm

As a former high school English teacher, I am so thankful for your support of correct punctuation and grammar. Writing correctly makes a huge difference for the reader.
I am sure that Jeff Hall will jump for joy when he reads your post today!

Jim Justice June 29, 2016 - 6:13 pm

Another of the many grammatical errors made today is “whose” and “who’s”. I.g. “Whose shoes are these?”
“They belong to Sam, who’s not here.”

However, my “nails on the chalkboard” moments come when someone says, “Where is it at?” OMG! “AT” That word needs to be eliminated from the English language.

linda June 30, 2016 - 9:52 am

It seems the incorrect use of I and me and been increasing exponentially since I grew up. It grates on me. I hear it used wrong on tv, radio and even read it in books! My bosses use it wrong. It is everywhere. For the record.

It is “Just between you and me.” Not “Just between you and I. ” EEEEKKK

Its “My wife and I are leaving.” Not “Me and my wife are leaving.”

At least I think so. I have heard it wrong so much it is beginning to sound right and that is too bad.


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